Architectural Study of the Temple of Messene at Ancient Messene

Nobuaki Yasui & Juko Ito
22,000 yen (excl. tax)
21.8 x 2 x 30.4 cm (8.6 x 0.8 x 12 inches), Hardback, 240 pages
February 2016
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Chapter 1 Introduction
  1-1 Background of the research
  1-2 Purpose of the research
Chapter 2 Present State of the Temple of Messene
  2-1 Overview of ancient Messene 
    2-1-1 History of Messene
    2-1-2 Ruins of ancient Messene
    2-1-3 The Agora
  2-2 Ruins of the Temple of Messene
    2-2-1 Ancient literary sources
    2-2-2 Present state of the site
    2-2-3 Temple perimeter
    2-2-4 West stairs
    2-2-5 Temple interior
  2-3 Overview of the excavated blocks
    2-3-1 Crepis blocks
    2-3-2 Stylobate blocks
    2-3-3 Flooring blocks
    2-3-4 Toichobate blocks
      1) For the antae, 2) L-shaped blocks for intersections, 3) For 
      the side walls of the naos, 4) For the dividing wall of the 
      opisthodomos, 5) For the side walls of the pronaos and 
      opisthodomos, 6) For the dividing wall of the pronaos
    2-3-5 Threshold
    2-3-6 Orthostate blocks
      1) For the antae, 2) For the intersections, 3) For the side walls 
      of the pronaos and the opisthodomos, 4) For the dividing wall 
      of the pronaos, 5) For the dividing wall of the opisthodomos, 
      6) For the side walls of the naos, 7) Unidentified block
    2-3-7 Wall blocks
    2-3-8 Column drums
    2-3-9 Column capitals
    2-3-10 Architrave blocks
    2-3-11 Frieze blocks
    2-3-12 Cornice blocks
    2-3-13 Sima blocks
Chapter 3  Reconstruction of the Temple
  3-1 Reconstruction of plan of the peripteral columns
    3-1-1 Intercolumniation
    3-1-2 Angle contraction of corner intercolumniation
    3-1-3 Crepis
    3-1-4 Number of front columns
    3-1-5 Number of side columns
    3-1-6 West staircase
  3-2 Reconstruction of the cella
    3-2-1 Threshold and adjacent blocks
    3-2-2 Anta blocks
    3-2-3 Side walls of the pronaos and the opisthodomos
      1) Length of the side walls of the pronaos, 2) Length of the 
      side walls of the opisthodomos
    3-2-4 Side walls of the naos
    3-2-5 Dividing wall of the opisthodomos
    3-2-6 Wall blocks
    3-2-7 Order of placement of the blocks
      1) Toichobate blocks, 2) Orthostate blocks, 3) Wall blocks 
      above the orthostate
    3-2-8 Entrance to the pronaos
    3-2-9 Relative height of the floor
    3-2-10 Location of the cella walls
  3-3 Reconstruction of the elevation
    3-3-1 Reconstruction of the entablature
      1) Architrave, 2) Frieze, 3) Cornice and sima, 4) Organization 
      of the entablature
    3-3-2 Peripteral columns
Chapter 4  Parallels and Comparative Study
  4-1 Temple size
  4-2 Doric order proportions
    4-2-1 Column proportions
      1) Abacus width to upper diameter (AbW/d), 2) Abacus width 
      to column capital height (AbW/CH), 3) Abacus height to 
      capital height (AbH/CH), 4) Echinus height to abacus height 
      (EH/AbH), 5) Abacus width to lower column diameter 
      (AbW/D), 6) Upper diameter to lower diameter (d/D), 7) 
      Column height to upper column diameter (H/D), 8) 
      Proportion of capital height to column height (H/CH), 9) 
      Summary of column proportions
    4-2-2 Entablature proportions
      Frieze height to triglyph front width (FH/TW), 2) Frieze 
      height to metope front width (FH/MW), 3) Metope front 
      width to triglyph front width (MW/TW), 4) Frieze height to 
      architrave height (FH/AH), 5) Column height to entablature 
      height (H/FH+AH+CorH), 6) Summary of entablature 
    4-2-3 Column height of the Temple of Messene
  4-3 Comparison with the Temple of Asklepios at Messene
    4-3-1 Size and plan
    4-3-2 Comparison of the orders
      1) Column proportions, 2) Entablature proportions
    4-3-3 Ornament
      1) Crepis, stylobate and orthostate, 2) Toichobate moulding, 3) 
      Triglyph at the cella walls
    4-3-4 Materials
      1) Stone blocks, 2) Condition and setting of the blocks
    4-3-5 Summary of the comparison with the Temple of Asklepios
  4-4 Details and date
    4-4-1 Riser of crepis and stylobate
    4-4-2 Orthostate
    4-4-3 Doric capital
    4-4-4 Triglyph
  4-5 Mouldings
    4-5-1 Cyma reversa of cornice soffit
    4-5-2 Sima
    4-5-3 Cyma reversa on toichobate
    4-5-4 Combination of cyma reversa and scotia of the threshold
  4-6 Summary
Chapter 5  Summary and Conclusion
  5-1 Suummary
  5-2 Hellenistic Doric temple in the agora
Appendix: Block Catalog
List of Plates


Juko Ito
Professor, D.Eng, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Japan.

Nobuaki Yasui
D.Eng, Research staff, Keisoku Research Consultant CO. Former doctor candidate, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Japan, presently.


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