Recent Studies in Economic Sciences Information Systems, Project Managements, Economics, OR and Mathematics
This book contains contributions from wide variety of research in information society, information sciences, environmental economics, economic sciences, systems approach to the economic, managerial, mathematical, environmental, and legal subjects. The focus of most articles is on the recent developments in the relevant. The set of papers in this book reflect both each theory and wide range of applications to economic and managerial models. The economic sciences is based upon an interdisciplinary education and research area of sciences economics, econometrics, statistics, information sciences, system sciences, application information sciences, operations research and legal informatics.
This book consists of seven chapters as follows:
Chapter 1 is written by Chris Czerkawski and Osamu Kurihara. The purpose of this paper is to present and contrast dominant views on the role and importance of economic wealth and prosperity according to the Christian and Buddhist teachings The doctrinal fundamentals of the Christian and Buddhist values will be discussed followed by the comparative criticism of those views.
Chapter 2 is written by Hiroyuki Dekihara and Tatsuya Iwaki. It is important to survey human behavior for analyzing human society. The aim of their research is to develop algorithms and devices for monitoring human actions. In this paper, they develop an algorithm for monitoring eye movement using wireless electroencephalogram (EEG) headset such as Emotiv. Emotiv is simplified mold, mobile and it is not expensive. These EEG recording equipment like Emotiv has a possibility becoming popular and being used in daily life. In this paper, they investigated whether Emotiv EEG headset could record electrooculogram (EOG) similar to that recorded in general EEG amplifier. In the simulation tests, the results show that their algorithm can discriminate among the eye movement with an average accuracy of about 80% in the simplified case.
Chapter 3 is written by Nan Zhang. Big data refers to the conventional software tools in a certain period to crawl the content management and the data set. Big data technology (BDT) refers to the various types of data, the ability to quickly obtain valuable information. It is suitable for big data technology, including massively parallel processing (MPP) database, data mining, distributed file system, distributed database, cloud-computing platform, the Internet, and scalable storage system. BDT can also use to compile monetary and financial statistics, especially to measure the global flow of funds (GFF). This paper is focuses on building a statistical framework for measuring GFF, explore how to use BDT to integrates the data sources, and improve the timeliness of the existing data transmission. Applying BDT to measure GFF can provide important basis for policy authorities to guard against financial risks.
Chapter 4 is written by Ryoko Wada and Yoshio Agaoka. In the paper of Kostant-Rallis, classical harmonic polynomials on Cd are generalized to several vector spaces from the Lie algebraic viewpoint. In their formulation, the classical case Cd corresponds to the real rank1 Lie algebra so(d,1). In the series of papers they further investigate harmonic polynomials corresponding to remaining real rank 1 Lie algebras: su(p,1), sp(p,1), f4(−20), etc. In this paper they treat the case of real rank 2 Lie algebra so(d,2). They settle some conjectures, which they presented in their previous paper, concerning the generators of irreducible components of harmonic polynomials for the case so(d,2).
Chapter 5 is written by Setsuko Sakai and Tetsuyuki Takahama. A representative crossover in real-coded genetic algorithms is blend crossover (BLX-α). The blendcrossover, which is a two-parent crossover, has been applied to many applications, because it can be implemented easily. Also, it can realize excellent diversity because a child is generated in an extended region including two parents. However, since the child is generated for each variable independently, the performance deteriorates in a problem with strong dependency among variables. In this study, they propose an oblique crossover (OBX) where an oblique coordinate system is built from difference vectors among individuals and a blend crossover along the oblique coordinate system is performed. The oblique crossover is rotation-invariant because the distribution of individuals is rotated, the oblique coordinate system is rotated and a child is generated according to the rotated coordinate system. However, the diversity tends to be lost because the child is generated in narrow area compared with BLX-α. In this research, they study how to select a proper oblique coordinate system from difference vectors in order to improve the diversity. The effect of selecting an oblique coordinate system is shown by solving thirteen benchmark problems.
Chapter 6 is written by Yajing Liu. This paper reviews the contemporary literature on relationship banking and SMEs. She focuses particularly on how reliable information is gathered though relationship banking to help SMEs succeed in obtaining funding, which can address the financial difficulties faced by SMEs. She also examines the development of relationship banking after the global financial crisis in 2008, and how relationship banking helped SMEs deal with the crisis, thus reducing the number of defaults. Finally, she looks at how relationship banking has evolved since the financial crisis as a result of the distinct changes in two factors-information technology and the economic environment, which affected the value of soft information.
Chapter 7 is written by Tatsuo Sato. Personality is an important trait for a project manager (PM), yet it is difficult to develop effective programs for personality development. Overemphasis on the importance of PM’s personality may make it difficult to develop those who work in this role. This paper discusses effective personality development of PMs and proposes a novel PM Report Card as an effective means of fostering development.
Chapter 1 Economic Wealth and Prosperity in Christianity and Buddhism Chris Czerkawski and Osamu Kurihara
2. Christian Views on Wealth and Prosperity
3. Buddhist Fundamentals on Economic Wealth and Prosperity
4. Buddhist Concept of Economic Values Contrasted with the Western Way
Chapter 2 Development of an Algorithm for Monitoring Eye Movement Using Wireless EEG Headset Hiroyuki Dekihara and Tatsuya Iwaki
2. The Pre-experimental Test
3. The Developed Algorithm
Chapter 3 Big Data Techniques for Measuring Global Flow of Funds Nan Zhang
2. Statistical Framework of Global Flow of Funds
3. Data Sources for Measuring Global Flow of Funds
4. Big Data in Global Flow of Funds
5. Concluding Remarks
Chapter 4 Some Conjectures Concerning Irreducible Components of Harmonic Polynomials in the Case of 𝔰𝔬(d, 2) Ryoko Wada and Yoshio Agaoka
3. Irreducible Decomposition of Sn
4. New Conjectures on Lower Harmonic Polynomials
5. Some Examples of Reproducing Kernels of Principal Components
Chapter 5 A Study on Selecting an Oblique Coordinate System for Rotation-Invariant Blend Crossover in a Real-Coded Genetic Algorithm Setsuko Sakai and Tetsuyuki Takahama
2. Related Works
3. Optimization by Genetic Algorithm
4. Proposed Method
5. Numerical Experiments
Chapter 6 A Review of the Literature on Relationship Banking and SMEs Yajing Liu
2. The Effects and Characteristics of Relationship Banking
3. The Development of Relationship Banking and SMEs
Chapter 7 Considering the Personality Development of Project Managers: Proposal of a PM Report Card Tatsuo Sato
2. Problem Definition
3. Proposal of PM Report Card
4. Expected Effects